Top 10 Volcanoes in Indonesia
Other Indonesian locations
Indonesia has the highest number of volcanoes than any other country in the world, crossed by the ring of fire which crosses through Indonesia and on through the Pacific ocean. Indonesia has over 400 volcanoes, with over 100 of these active.
Here is the top 10 Volcanoes in Indonesia, not based on size but more for activity and spectacular scenery to visit and/or climb.
30th October 2010 - Mount Merapi has erupted for the 3rd time over the last few days. The first was was a massive eruption of Merapi Volcano late on Tuesday 26th October 2010 spewing smoke and ash over 1km into the air, killing at least 28 people.
Gunung Merapi view from Hyatt Regency Hotel
Gunung Merapi (2968m) meaning 'Fire mountain' is located close to Jogjakarta in Java. The first recorded activity of Gunung Merapi was in 1548 though historians note that Borobudur was destroyed in the 11th century by a violent eruption. Gunung Merapi still has high volcanic activity. Each year 7 million cubic tones is erupted and added to it's slopes. When it is quiet flights can be organised at night to fly over the volcano to views it's lava flow down the eastern side of the mountain. See our video of the sunrise over Gunung Merapi
# 2. Mount Rinjani
Lombok is home to one of the most impressive volcanoes in Indonesia, Mount Rinjani, at 3726m high, not just because it is Indonesia's second highest volcano but for it's scenery as well. Mount Rinjani is surrounded by a spectacular cobalt blue lake. It is a popular 3 day hike stretching from Senaru to the crater rim, down to the cobalt blue crater lake and then on to Sembulan Lawang. The trek has superb ocean and mountain views and the chance to spot barking deer, macaques and civets.
Gunung Bromo (2329m) is located in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park in Java close to Surabaya. You can ride miniature Tennggerese ponies to it's rim through the night to reach the summit in time for a magic sun rise over Java's scenic landscape.
Gunung Semeru is Java's highest volcano at 3676m. Known locally as Mahameru or great mountain. Hindus consider Mount Semeru as Indonesia's most sacred mountain, the father of Bali's Mount Agung. Legend tells the story of gods moving Semeru from the Himalayas, scattering other peaks all through Java. It is an active volcano though is still able to be climbed if you are prepared for the 3 days hike.
Gunung Krakatua or Krakatau (813m) is probably the most famous volcano in the world after it's massive explosion in 1883. 4600Km away people thought they heard loud gunfire. The explosion was heard in Sydney Australia with an estimated force of 10,000 Hiroshima bombs.
Since the explosion in 1883, which ripped apart the mountain the volcano has been growing in size every year spawning what is called now Anak Krakatua (Baby of Krakatau). It is now larger then when it exploded in 1883. In the last few years volcanic activity has been increasing and there is now a 1km zone around the island to prevent people from approaching, so no longer can you gain access to the island.
For more information on Anak Krakatua click here.
Mount Sinabung, in North Sumatra, close to Berastagi has erupted twice in the last 2 days.
The first eruption was on Sunday 29th August 2010 after a sudden increase of volcanic activity on the previous few days. This eruption on Sunday was the first in over 400 years.
Monday 30th August 2010 a second more power eruption occurred. Although there are not lava flows from the volcano, large pumes of smoke and ash have been erupting up to 2 kilometers into the air.
Some flights into Medan airport have been delayed or cancelled. An exclusion zone of 7 kilometers has been setup to prevent anyone going close to the volcano. Experts will evaluate the situation of the next few days.
Mount Sinabung Sumatra
Last updated 22nd December 2015
Bali's most active volcano, Gunung Agung (3142m) is entwined in Balinese culture. Most temples in Bali has a shrine dedicated to Mount Agung. There is an annual festival during the 10th lunar month at the Pura Basakih ('mother temple') on the slopes of Agung. It's a relatively easy hike to the top. Most treks leave at 10pm to make it to the summit for sunrise.
Gunung Kerinci is Sumatra's highest mountain at 3805m, located in the Kerinci Seblat National Park close to Jambi. Recent years has seen an increase in volcanic activity preventing trekking to the summit. There is a 1km exclusion zone around Mount Kerinci preventing hiking any closer though many people still climb it regardless of the warnings.
Midway between Jogjakarta and Semarang in Java, around 125km away from each, Gunung Sumbing (3371m) is considered the husband volcano of Gunung Sundoro (3136m). It is a perfectly shaped cone which holds the remains of one of the holy men that brought Islam to Indonesia. At the end of Ramadan, Idul Fitri is celebrated and devotees trek to the top to show their respect. It is a difficult climb to the top with steep slopes and sulphuric gas escaping from vents along the route to the top. From the top there is a spectacular view looking down over clouds atop the Javanese landscape.
Gunung Batur (1717m) is the female counterpart of Gunung Agung (3142m). Both located on the island of Bali. At the bottom is a crater lake 11km in diameter. There is great views to the mountain and over the lake from Penelokan. There is an easy hike down to the base of Gunung Batur where there are hot springs with believed healing properties. Recent activity has made climbing to the top of this volcano extremely dangerous.
Mount Sibayak (2100m) over looks the town of Berastagi in North Sumatra just a 2 hour bus trip from Medan. At most times there are vents of steam seeping from the top of Sibayak. It's a fairly easy 3 hour walk to the top and stone steps to find your way down. At the bottom of Sibayak are hot springs to relax in after the climb.
#11 Gunung Kintamani
Volcanoes of Indonesia
Gunung Kerinci (3805m) Jambi
Gunung Rinjani (3726m) Lombok
Gunung Semeru (3676m) Java
Gunung Sumbing (3371m) Java
Gunung Dempo (3159m) Lampung
Gunung Agung (3142m) Bali
Gunung Sundoro (3136m) Java
Gunung Ciremay (3078m) Cirebon
Gunung Pangrango (3019m) Bogor
Gunung Merapi (2968m) Yogyakarta
Gunung Gede (2958m) Bogor
Gunung Talakmau (2919m) Bukittinggi
Gunung Marapi (2891m) Bukittinggi
Gunung Geureudong (2885m) Sumatra
Gunung Singgalang (2880m) Bukittinggi
Gunung Patah (2817m) Sumatra
Gunung Peuet Sague (2801m) Sumatra
Gunung Tambora (2722m) Sumbawa
Gunung Talang (2597m) Sumatra
Gunung Sumbing (2507m) Sumatra
Gunung Bukit Daun (2467m) Sumatra
Gunung Tandikat (2438m) Sumatra
Gunung Sinabung (2400m) Berastagi
Gunung Bromo (2329m) Surabaya
Gunung Kembar (2245m) Sumatra
Gunung Salak (2211m). Bogor
Gunung Kunyit (2151m) Sumatra
Gunung Sorikmarapi (2145m) Sumatra
Gunung Sibayak (2100m) Berastagi
Bukit Lamah Balai (2055m) Sumatra
Gunung Hutapanjang (2021m) Sumatra
Gunung Belirang-Beriti (1958m) Sumatra
Gunung Kaba (1952m) Sumatra
Gunung Besar (1899m) Sumatra
Gunung Lubukraya (1862m) Sumatra
Gunung Soputan (1825m) Sulawesi
Gunung Sibualbuali (1819m) Sumatra
Gunung Seulawah Agam (1810m) Sumatra
Gunung Batur (1717m) Bali
Gunung Lokon-Empung (1580m) Sulawesi
Gunung Imun (1505m) Sumatra
Gunung Dua Saudara (1351m) Sulawesi
Gunung Awu (1320m) Sulawesi
Gunung Mahawu (1311m) Sulawesi
Gunung Rajabasa (1281m) Lampung
Gunung Tongkoko (1149m) Sulawesi
Gunung Anak Krakatau (813m) Lampung
Gunung Weh (617m) Pulau Weh
Gunung Colo (508) Sulawesi
Gunung Banua Wuhu Sulawesi
Gunung Ruang Sulawesi
Gunung Karangetang Sulawesi
For extensive information on Volcanoes all over the world check out the website for the Smithsonian Institutes Global Volcanism Program
Indonesia Volcano Video Gallery
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