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Java - Indonesia

Highlights: * Cities of Java * Hotels in Java



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Places of Interest in Java

Other Indonesian locations




Java, with over 120 million people, is the most populated island within Indonesia and has the countries capital city - Jakarta. Java has one of the longest records of human habitation of anywhere in the world. Over a century ago the remains of 'Java Man' (Homo erectus) were found dating back to over one million years.

Java is one of the most fertile, agriculturally productive and densely populated islands in the world. The fertile land has been brought about by the nutrient rich lava that the many volcanoes on Java have provided.


Despite the huge population and unlike other islands within Indonesia, Java is primarily made of up 3 ethnic groups, the Javanese (primarily in Central and East Java, around 70%), the Sundanese (in West Java, around 20%) and the third group, the Madurese (who have immigrated from Madura island, around 10%).

Volcanoes in Java

Java and Bali combined have 37 volcanoes. On Java the highest is Mount Semeru (3676m). Mount Merapi, north of Jogjakarta, is the most active.

South of Bogor, within the Mount Gede-Pangrango National Park is a collection of volcanoes including Mount Gede (2958m), Mount Pangrango (3019m) and Mount Salak (2211m).

Follow this link for an extensive list of Volcanoes in Indonesia, including the Top 10 Volcanoes in Indonesia.

Java Volcano

National Parks in Java

Bromo Tengger Semaru National Park located closest to Malang, also accessible from Surabaya.

Gunung Gede-Pangrango National Park located south of Bogor close to Puncak.

Pangandaran National Park located on the south coast of Java. Closest city is Bandung. The wildlife in this national park include macaque monkeys, squirrels, patrician crested leaf monkeys and a variety different coloured butterflies.

Baluran National Park on the far east coast of Java, looking towards Bali.

Gunung Merapi National Park

Ujung Kulon National Park is entirely made up of Pulau Panaitan, off the west coast of Java, covering an area of 1223Km2. Located 150km from Jakarta it is the last refuge for the crocodile on Java. It is also has the remaining population of the Javan Rhinoceros, one of the rarest animals in the world.

Krakatua National Park located in the Sunda Straight between Java and Sumatra.

Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Island) National Park is located off the north coast of Java, near Jakarta. It is mainly a marine park covering an area of 1080Km2.

Gunung Haliman Nature Reserve located southwest of Jakarta has some remaining forested areas containing rare primates like the Javan Gibbon, Javan Leaf Monkey and Silvered Leaf Monkey.

Blambangan Nature Reserve, located on the south eastern tip of Java. There is some great surfing spots on the southern part of the reserve.

Meru Betiri Nature Reserve, on the south coast of Java, not far from Blambangan Nature Reserve, was the location of the last sighting of the Javan Tiger, over 20 years ago. This reserve also sees giant sea turtles laying their eggs on the beaches at night time.

Alas Purwo National Park is located on the south east tip of Java, covering an area of 434Km2.

Gunung Ciremai National Park covers an area of 155Km2.

Rivers in Java

The mountains of Java are not far from the sea which results in the rivers of Java being relatively short. The 2 largest rivers in Java are the Solo and Brantas rivers.  Both start on the south coast of Java and wind through the mainland and empty into the Java Sea near Surabaya.


Last updated 28th August 2009

Borobudur Buddhist Monument in Java

Borobodur - Jogyakarta

Jakarta City Centre

Jakarta City Centre

Cities of Java

Jakarta, largest and capital city of Indonesia with a population of more than 10 million people. It is also the 4th largest city in the world.

Surabaya is Indonesia's 2nd largest city with a population of 3 million people within the suburban area and an additional 7 million people in the surrounding rural areas.

Badung, 3rd largest city in Indonesia with a population of over 7 million people.

Semarang, 4th largest city in Java and 5th largest city in Indonesia with a population of over 1.5 million people. The 4th largest city in Indonesia is Medan in Sumatra.


Hotels in Java

There are hotels in the main cities to suit all budgets, from backpackers, budget to luxury resorts. Check out the individual city page with the following price comparisons:








































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